Diabetes, a disease characterized by having too much sugar in the bloodstream, has different types, but the most common is type 2 diabetes.
According to the CDC, an estimated 34 million Americans have been diagnosed with diabetes, with about 90% to 95% of them having type 2 diabetes. These statistics will encourage you to know what causes type 2 diabetes.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic condition in which the body can neither process nor produce insulin efficiently, resulting in high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) that can damage internal organs. Insulin ineffectiveness in type 2 diabetes is also known as insulin resistance. While type 2 usually affects adults over the age of 45, younger people—including children and teens—are also prone to the disease.
Type 2 differs from type 1 diabetes in that the latter is caused by an autoimmune condition in the pancreas that inhibits the production of insulin. Meanwhile, type 2 still allows the production of insulin; However, the cells of the body cannot use it efficiently.
symptoms of type 2 diabetes
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can begin to appear at a particular stage and may develop for years without notice. Although these types of symptoms are difficult to recognize, here are some common signs to be aware of:
1. Frequent urination
Frequent urination is a notable symptom of type 2 diabetes. However, it is more notable if urination is frequent at night – this urinary condition is called nocturnal.
Whole-body dehydration is a common indicator of type 2 diabetes. External forms of dehydration, such as dry mouth and skin irritation, can cause sores and sores that do not heal quickly.
3. Excessive thirst
Increased thirst is often the result of frequent urination – the more you urinate, the more water you lose, making you thirsty. Excessive thirst is also associated with other symptoms such as persistent hunger.
4. Weight Gain/Loss
This symptom may depend on how insulin is able to balance the distribution of sugar throughout the body. If you experience a dramatic weight gain or loss, this should be cause for alarm, indicating the development of type 2 diabetes.
5. Persistent hunger
If the body can’t evenly distribute the sugars from the food you eat, be prepared for episodes of increased hunger. Persistent hunger from uncontrolled amounts of sugar taken from daily meals and snacks can lead to health defects.
6. Blurred vision
Blurred vision can be short-lived for patients with type 2 diabetes. When your blood sugar level is too high for a long period of time, your eyes can swell as body fluids move in and out of the eyes. This swelling affects the lens’ ability to focus light on the back of your eye.
7. Energy Loss
People with diabetes feel tired or lethargic due to abnormal sugar levels, whether they are too high or too low. This imbalance affects the body’s ability to receive blood glucose, which is needed to provide energy to your cells and organs.
8. High blood pressure
It is common for people with type 2 diabetes to suffer from high blood pressure due to insulin resistance. With high levels of insulin production, your body retains more salt and fluid, increasing your risk of high blood pressure.
9. Dizziness, Lightheadedness, or Headache
Dizziness or light-headedness is common if your blood sugar levels drop. Low blood sugar usually occurs when your body uses glucose too quickly, there is too much insulin in your bloodstream, or the release of glucose into your bloodstream is too slow. On the other hand, you may experience headaches with high blood sugar levels.
10. Sexual Dysfunction
Type 2 diabetes can damage blood vessels and nerves in the sex organs, causing sexual problems such as decreased drive or sensation and even difficulty with intercourse. Women may also have vaginal dryness.
Long-term type 2 diabetes can manifest the following symptoms:
- Yeast infections in parts of the body such as between the fingers and toes, under the breasts, and in the groin or genital areas
- slow healing wounds
- Acanthosis nigricans or discoloration in body folds such as the neck, armpits, and groin
- pain or numbness in the legs or feet
Any of the above symptoms may be isolated cases. However, if two or more of these symptoms recur, consult your doctor immediately.
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Author For Your Sweetheart
Liberty helps spread information about the relationship between heart disease and diabetes through the Atienza for Your Sweetheart campaign. Apart from this, he enjoys writing and spending time with family. Learn more at https://foryoursweetheart.ph/