Karva Chauth is the most awaited festival for married Hindu women. This festival is mostly celebrated in the northern parts of India. Usually this festival falls on any day between October and November. This festival is celebrated on the days of Krishna Paksha which is a black fortnight according to the Hindu calendar month of Kartik. This festival is celebrated 4 days after the full moon or full moon in the month of Kartik. This traditional festival is celebrated by Punjabi women with great pomp and now women from many more states have also started celebrating this festival. On this, every married woman observes a fast from sunrise to the rising of the moon and prays to God for the long life of her husband and mother-in-law plays an important role on this day. A beautiful and colorful ritual is associated with the Sargi festival. Sargi is what the mother-in-law prepares for her daughter-in-law in the morning and which daughter-in-law has to eat early in the morning. In sargi you will find feni or sweet vermicelli, fruits, coconut, sweet mathris, dry fruits, mathris, parathas, sweets, tea/juice and some gifts. This sargi is given to pamper the daughter-in-law. This festival also has its own importance and customs which have to be followed carefully. Whether your mother-in-law lives with you or not, you always remember her on this day and always buy thoughtful and meaningful gifts for her. It is a custom and at the end of the day the daughter-in-law has to give some gifts to her mother-in-law.
Origin of Karva Chauth
Originally, Karva Chauth was celebrated to honor the bond and friendship between two women of the same household- one is a newly married woman who has come after marriage and the other is related to her in-laws. They share a strong bond and the concept of celebrating Karva Chauth is very interesting and lovely. In ancient times when there was no phone and anything through which we could communicate with our parents that a newly married woman found any problem then there is no source through which she can communicate, mostly With time a young lady has to face the problem. Being alone is not someone with whom she shares and shares their thoughts. To overcome this problem, newly married women make a friend in their in-laws’ house who is called Kangan Saheli. New friends will always be women. There, all the ups and downs as well as they share the same strong bond as sisters. And Karva Chauth was celebrated to honor their devotion towards their beautiful relationship. But nowadays the concept of the festival of Karva Chauth is completely lost somewhere and now the concept of the festival of Karva Chauth has completely changed, now married women observe a fast for the long life of their husbands. There are some ancient stories behind our celebration:
Story of Rani Veeravati:
In ancient times there was a beautiful queen named Veeravati who was the only sister of seven loving and caring brothers. Once on the occasion of Karva Chauth, she was with her parents and fasted from sunrise to moonrise. In the evening she was eagerly waiting for the moonrise as she was fasting and she was suffering from hunger and thirst. And his brothers would not be able to see his suffering. So, he made a mirror in a peepal tree, which resembles the moon in the sky. And they call their sister to break the fast. When Veervati broke her fast, news came from her husband’s house that her husband had died. She starts crying and at the same time Devi appears and reveals the truth about her brother that her brothers had betrayed her. Now the next year she kept the fast of Karva Chauth with full devotion and seeing the dedication Veeravati, the god of death, Yama, gave life to her husband.
Story of Satyavan and Savitri
There is also a story of Satyavan and Savitri in the history of Karva Chauth. When Lord Yama came to receive Satyavan’s soul, Savitri begged him to grant life. When he refused, he started fasting and did not eat anything for a long time. When Yamraj came to know about her devotion, he gave up and gave her the life of her husband. From this day onwards, Karva Chauth is celebrated by married brides to ensure the long life of their husbands.
story of mahabharat
According to Mahabharata, Draupadi also celebrated Karva Chauth. Once Arjuna went to Nilgiris for penance and the rest of the Pandavas had to face many problems in his absence. Draupadi remembered Lord Krishna in desperation and asked for help. Lord Krishna reminded him that on an earlier occasion, when Goddess Parvati had sought guidance from Lord Shiva in similar circumstances, he was advised to observe a fast of Karva Chauth. Draupadi followed the instructions and observed the fast with all her rituals. As a result, the Pandavas were able to overcome their problems. Women observing fast on this day listen to the story of Karva Chauth with great interest.
story of karva
According to a legend, a woman named Karva was highly devoted to her husband. One day while taking a bath in the stream, the husband was attacked by a crocodile. Karva came running and tied the crocodile with a cotton thread. She then went to Lord Yama, the god of death, and requested him to send the offending crocodile to hell. When Lord Yama refused, he threatened to curse her. Fearing the power of a devoted wife, Lord Yama immediately accepted and sent the crocodile to Yamaloka or hell, and blessed Karva’s husband with a long life.
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